India’s Independence Day And Progress it Made Ever Since


Lt Col Pritam Singh Jauhal (Signals)(Retd)Founding President Indian Ex-Servicemen Society British Columbia

It was after the removal of a Century-old yoke of British Imperialism, that India gained its Independence on August 15, 1947 and declared itself a Republic when its home-made Constitution was passed by the duly elected Indian Parliament on January 26, 1950. The 2007 Independence Day is just behind us. Indians residing in the Lower Mainland and Vancouver Island celebrated it by festive and colorful Ceremonies with great pomp and pageantry. Those who missed it must be feeling sorry.

To the dismay of all and sundry Indians, the Indian Armed Forces were small and ill-equipped with weapons. The senior-most rank was that of a brigadier. Most of the Officers were Emergency Commissioned, though they had World War II experience. Indian Officers and men had been denied experience in important systems and classified trades. India lacked Officers for higher command and in technical arms/corps. Not only that India did not inherit any Defence-oriented industries. It simply implies that the British did not prepare the Indians to run their own Country, because they, (British) wanted to rule India for ever.

Political leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and Pundit Nehru, who were votaries of non-violence were not well-versed in geopolitics and International power play. They, initially thought that in post-war scenario, Independent India, did not need substantial Armed Forces, as it had no enemies. However, Pakistan-sponsored invasion of the State of Jammu and Kashmir in October 1947, only after two months after gaining Independence, made them realize that India could not do without Armed Forces. But an idea as to how many and what type still eluded them.To counter threats from Pakistan and China, India had to expand and modernize its Armed Forces. The growth and modernization of the Indian Army was Pakistan-centric till about the end of 1950s. The War against China in 1962 in which India did not fare well, started a flurry of raising of Mountain Formations, equipped with lighter weapons.

Today, India has the third largest Army, which is quite modern. Indian Army has to operate in varied terrains. Starting from Himalayan Heights up to 20,000 ft (Siachin-the World’s Highest Battle Ground where mere existence is a challenge), to Punjab Plains and the Desert of Rajasthan. Besides, India has number of islands, the defence of which cannot be ignored. There are no specialized troops for mountains or desert. The Indian Army has its own Aviation Wing and even surface-to-surface indigenously developed missiles, which can carry conventional as well as Nuclear payloads.

India has a Territorial Army, and also National Cadet Corps. Canadian and Indian Cadets regularly spend some time with one another as a part of International co-operation programs.

Most of the World’s oil supplies pass through the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean, which surround Indian Peninsula. Large number of ships carrying World’s trade from Persian Gulf, Suez Canal and Straights of Malaca also pass through these Seas. Navies of the Western Nations operate in the Seas surrounding Indian Sub-Continent. Majority of India’s own exports and imports are via sea. India has a vast Exclusive Economic Zone and oil reserves in the Indian Continent. To guard against any invasion from the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean sides, India has a strong blue water Navy.

To ensure that Indian Army and Navy can operate effectively and without hindrance from any foreign power, there is a definite need for matching Air Force. India has a modern Air Force, which is equipped with Mirage Sukhoi and MIG aircrafts. It is likely to go in for some kind of AWACS and in Flight Refueling Aircraft. Indian Air Force has the capability to support the Indian Army, in all kinds of terrain and Navy at Sea as also deliver Nuclear weapons as well.

India has of late announced a Nuclear Doctrine of NO FIRST USE. It stands for complete disarmament, but cannot do unilaterally/selectively. The Nuclear weapons are only a deterrent. As long as India has Nuclear China and Pakistan to contend with, it has no choice but to have minimum Nuclear deterrent.. For this purpose,it has set-up a Nuclear Command . India has been designing its own communication and scientific satellites, which has some surveillance capability too.

Like Canada, Indian Defence Forces have been at the forefront in U.N Peace-Keeping Missions, may it be in Gaza, Congo, Somalia or various other countries in Africa. They have acquitted themselves admirably under most trying conditions. To train personnel from other countries in Peace-Keeping, an Institution has been set up in Delhi.

India is proud to have the largest scientific manpower in the World. Indian Scientists have contributed significantly in U S A, Canada and Europe. Indian software and Computer Engineers are well-known, the World over. India needs to utilize its resources to modernize its industry, economy, health care, education and eradicate poverty. Any reduction in the Defence Expenditure can help. But India can ill-afford to lower its guard.“ No nation must avow war at all costs. Sheep do not inherit Earth. Nor do Wolves. But sheep are guilty of whetting the appetite of Wolves”.“World War Veterans put their life on the line to defend the Commonwealth and protect the Democracy in which different people could live together and enjoy freedom in peace”


India’s scientific progress after Independence


The Navhind Times – Wednesday, August 8, 2007

What India had in 1947?




There were a few universities and research laboratories. But there were spirited and visionary scientists Mahalonwis, Bhabha, Sarabhai, Saha, Sahani, Randhawa who had big plans for the poor

nation. Jawharlal Nehru, Indira and Rajiv Gandhi, Atal Bihari Bajpayee provided tremendous boost to indigenous scientific research and technological development. Nehru was a truly modern,

progressive, rational personality. During his 17 years of prime minister ship a very solid foundation of India’s scientific and technical infrastructure was laid down. A network of public sector research

laboratories and industries was created.

India did not produce a rifle or a tank or an aircraft in 1947. India had to beg for arms and ammunition during the Chinese incursion in 1962. Indigenous missiles, frigates, warships, tanks were a distant dream.




And where we have reached today?




India has a powerful battery of missiles. We can produce our own tanks and aircrafts. A state of the art aircraft carrier is being built. Nuclear submarines and air breathing hyper planes are on drawing

board. Light combat aircraft-Tejas would go on production line in a few years. Fast breeder reactor technological, magneto hydrodynamic, superconductivity, nanotechnology and nanomaterials

research is booming.

Haffkine Institute could produce some vaccines in 1947. Today India is engaged in developing recombinant and edible vaccines. India had nothing to show in 1947 in space and ocean research.

Next year the Chandrayana 1 mission would orbit the moon with a payload of advanced technology. There are now ambitious plans to explore the solar system. Very soon India would dominate the

commercial satellite launch market. Within 60 years and at a very low cost Indian space engineers have achieved spectacular success. Indian oceanographers would be soon conquering the North

Pole and get involved in some serious North Polar research.

India is already a top name in global oceanographic and Antarctic research. India was a basket case in terms of food production in 1947. Today India is world’ s largest food producer. The breakeven

point was reached in 1966-67 after the Green Revolution. In production of fruits and vegetables India has been among the top three nations for the past decade. Our only competitors are China and


India had a tremendous scarcity of milk in 1947. Milk powder used to be imported to meet the deficit. Today the world salutes the Amul success story. India is world’s top milk producing country

thanks to the success of “operation flood” and efforts of the dairy co-operatives.




Could anyone think of India as an IT power in 1947?




Today Indians are dictating terms to global IT industry. NRI venture capitalists are well established in the Silicon Valley. IT firms like TCS, INFOSYS and WIPRO are global brands. There is a huge

demand for skilled Indian IT professionals. This is natural for our country because we gifted the game of Chess and the concept of Zero to the world.

India’s nuclear programme really took off during the tenure of Indira Gandhi. In international geopolitics might is always right, so India aimed to project its force through nuclearisation of weapons.

At the same time all Indian politicians pleaded for global nuclear disarmament from the international forums. India was not ready for nuclear blackmailing. Besides pursuing the nuclear energy option,

India has also boosted research in alternative sources of energy. Several hundred-wind power generation farms have been established. Within next ten years India may emerge as top five countries in the world

in wind power generation. India may rank only second to China in biogas generation. India was one of the few countries to recognise the potential of biotechnology in 1982.

After 25 years the biotechnology industry has seen an unprecedented boom in India. The business has crossed more than a billion dollars. Pharma companies like Reddy’s, Cipla, Ranbaxy are giving

a run for their money to global pharma majors. A few small drug companies were producing a minor range of ayurvedic and herbal medicines in 1947. Today India is competing with China in

marketing herbal drugs. But still there is a huge gap. Ayurvedic formulations are in high demand. The most amazing revolution in India after Independence is in telecommunications. In 1947 it was

considered a miracle to get a long distance trunk call booked within half an hour. In 1957, the waiting list for landline telephone connections had millions of names.

In 1977 there was uncertainty over colour television. The picture changed after the dynamic Rajiv Gandhi took over the prime minister ship in 1984. He brought in Sam Pitroda, a visionary and a go-getter

personality. Post Pitroda India witnessed a sea change in telecom sector, which was further accelerated by Dayanidhi Maran, the ex-telecom minister. Global telecom giants consider India as

one of the top five fastest growing market for mobile telephony. The number of mobile handsets in India may soon cross hundred millions. Mobiles are now penetrating deeper in rural India. India’s experiment with e-chaupal met with

stupendous success from the farmers and villagers. India’s remote sensing satellite programme and the INSAT series of satellites have shown to the world that we have finally arrived as equals to the superpowers.

The launching of a powerful Military satellite would be a force multiplier for Indian defence forces. Future wars would be fought electronically and in cyberspace.

But as compared to 1947, India is fully prepared for any eventuality. India’s all round scientific progress was possible because of service and sacrifices of thousands of scientists and technicians

who worked with meagre salaries. Indian government has announced a large number of incentives to attract young students to science, technology and engineering. The future of Indian science, 60

years after Independence is very bright. That’s why many IITians are returning from abroad to serve their country. The brain drain of the past would be brain grain of the future.

Who knows by the time India celebrates centenary of Independence-in AD 2047 we could be world’s topmost scientific superpower.



On August 15 2007, India would cross a landmark in history by completing 60 years of  Independence. It has been a tedious journey with many ups and downs. But after 60 years if there is

one sphere, which makes India strong, and an international player to reckon with it is science and technology.



India 60 years by Narayana N.R. Murthy 08.13.07, 12:00 PM ET

I came across following note on

India completes her 60th year as a free nation on Aug. 15, 2007. However, 60 years is a short span in the life of a nation, and barely marks the first baby steps of a toddler. Hence, any assessment of India has to be generous and optimistic.

We have made decent progress in several areas during the last 60 years. We have produced world-class scientists, engineers, journalists, soldiers, bureaucrats, politicians and doctors. We have built complex bridges and dams. We have sent satellites and rockets into space. We have increased the number of doctors tenfold.

We have increased life expectancy from 32 years to 65 years. We have built about 1.25 million miles of new roads; we have multiplied our steel production by over 50 times and cement production by almost 20 times. We have increased our exports from a few million dollars at the time of independence to more than $125 billion now, with about $150 billion of imports.

There is an equally convincing set of data to show that we have a long way to go in certain other areas. A whopping 350 million are illiterate; 260 million people are still below the poverty line; 150 million people lack access to drinking water; 750 million people lack decent sanitation; 50% of children are below acceptable nutrition levels; and basic medicines are unavailable in 75% of villages.

Be that as it may, today I want to focus on a few major achievements that have transformed the lives of our people in a way we never imagined would happen.

Green Revolution
Perhaps, no other Indian initiative has enhanced the national confidence as the Green Revolution initiated by Dr. M.S. Swaminathan. This revolution, which started in 1965, not only transformed India into a food-surplus economy from a food-deficit economy but also triggered the expansion of the rural, non-farm economy. The lives of at least 400 million to 500 million Indians have been uplifted due to this initiative. From being a perennial importer of grains, India became a net exporter of food grains 10 years ago.

White Revolution
Coming from a generation that experienced an acute shortage of milk, it is unimaginable that, today, we have become the largest producer of milk in the world. The credit goes to the extraordinary vision of one person, Dr. Verghese Kurien. In a nation where children are malnourished, such abundance of milk has offered us the opportunity to fight malnutrition with the means produced in India.

Economic Reforms Of 1991
The economic reforms of 1991–initiated by the late Narasimha Rao, Dr. Manmohan Singh, Shri P. Chidambaram and Dr. Montek Singh Ahluwalia–opened up the minds of Indian corporate leaders to the power of global markets, helped them accept competition at home and abroad, and raised the confidence of consumers. Our hard currency reserves have gone up from a mere $1.5 billion in 1991 to over $220 billion today. The reforms encouraged entrepreneurship and gave confidence to businessmen and entrepreneurs to dream big, create jobs, enhance exports, acquire companies abroad and follow the finest principles of corporate governance.

Independent Media, Brave Journalists
The success of a democracy depends upon certain important values of governance: fairness, transparency and accountability. The freeing of media, particularly television, has laid the foundation for improving these values in our governments. The courage, enthusiasm and zeal to seek truth of scores of idealistic journalists like N. Ram, Arun Shourie, Sekhar Gupta, Sucheta Dalal, Barkha Dutt and Rajdeep Sardesai are what make us feel confident that the future of this country is safe.

Telecom Revolution
No other technology has brought India–the urban and the rural–together so effectively as the 500-line EPABX designed and implemented by the Center for Development of Telematics under the leadership of Sam Pitroda. This program brought fresh confidence to the people, as they could reach out, in a jiffy, to their loved ones, officials and doctors, just to name a few. People no longer feel that they live in isolation.

Space Technology
Yash Pal’s Satellite Instructional Television Experiment blossomed into a full-scale television facility connecting millions of villages of India. Television has made our political masters realize that their actions and inactions will be seen and judged by every citizen–from the forgotten villages of Assam to the activist villages of Kerala. This technology has given voice to the opinions of a billion people–the rich and the poor, the educated and the uneducated, and the powerful and the disfranchised.

Atomic Energy
Dr. Homi Bhabha conceptualized the Indian nuclear program and initiated nuclear science research in India. His program has made possible successful utilization of nuclear energy in defense, power generation, medicine and allied areas. Our peaceful use of nuclear energy has raised India’s prestige as a mature and responsible player in this field.

Software Revolution
N. Vittal’s Software Technology Program, along with the economic reforms of 1991, laid the foundation for this industry’s spectacular progress. India’s information technology exports grew from a mere $150 million in 1991-92 to $31.4 billion in 2006-07, and is projected to reach $60 billion by 2010. The Indian IT industry is unique for several reasons. It focused on exports; benchmarked with the best global companies; followed the finest principles of corporate governance; created the largest number of jobs in the organized sector; and demonstrated that Indians, too, could succeed in the most competitive global markets.

What do these eight programs have in common? They were all led by visionaries. These visionaries adopted and improved upon global benchmarks and settled for nothing less despite tremendous odds. In each of these initiatives the national government was a genuine catalyst whose extraordinary leaders helped fashion the India of today. They and so many others created an India where all Indians have the freedom to design, innovate, create and build their futures together. What a remarkable story of how the people and the government can work together to achieve what was once thought impossible.

Narayana N.R. Murthy is chairman of the board of Infosys Technologies.

Miracle of Honey and cinnamon

Benefits of honey & cinnamon

 I have come across to very useful information on including portion of honey and cinnamon combination into diet.

“It is found that mixture of Honey and Cinnamon cures most of the diseases. Honey is produced in most of the countries of the world. Ayurvedic as well as Yunani medicine have been using honey as a vital medicine for centuries. Scientists of today also accept honey as a Ram Ban (very effective) medicine for all kinds of diseases. Honey can be used without any side effects for any kind of diseases. Today’s science says that even though honey is sweet, if taken in the right dosage as a medicine, it does not harm diabetic patients also. A famous magazine named Weekly World News published in Canada dated 17 January, 95 has given a list of diseases that can be cured by Honey and Cinnamon as researched by western scientists.


Take one part honey to two parts of luke warm water and add a small teaspoon of cinnamon powder, make a paste and massage it on the itching part of the body slowly. It is noticed that the pain recedes within a minute or two.  Arthritis patients may daily, morning and night take one cup of hot water with two spoons of honey and one small teaspoon of cinnamon powder. If drunk regularly even chronic arthritis can be cured. In a recent research done at the Copenhagen University, it was found that when the doctors treated their patients with a mixture of one tablespoon Honey and half teaspoon cinnamon powder before breakfast, they found that within a week out of the 200 people so treated practically 73 patients were totally relieved of pain and within a month, mostly all the patients who could not walk or move around because of arthritis started walking without pain.

Hair Loss

Those suffering from hair loss or baldness, may apply a paste of hot olive oil, one tablespoon of honey, one teaspoon of cinnamon powder before bath and keep it for approx. 15 min. and then wash the hair.  It was found very effective if kept for 5 mins. also.

Bladder Infections

Take two tablespoons of cinnamon powder and one teaspoon of honey in a glass of luke warm water and drink it. It destroys the germs of the bladder.


Make a paste of one teaspoon of cinnamon powder and five teaspoons of honey and apply on the aching tooth. This may be done 3 times a day daily till such time that the tooth has stopped aching.


Two tablespoons of honey and three teaspoons of Cinnamon Powder mixed in 16 ounces of tea water, if given to a cholesterol patient, it reduces the level of cholesterol in the blood by 10% within 2 hours. As mentioned for arthritic patients, if taken 3 times a day any chronic cholesterol is cured. As per the information received in the said journal, pure honey taken with food daily relieves complains of cholesterol.


Those suffering from common or severe colds should take one tablespoon luke warm honey with 1/4 teaspoon cinnamon powder daily for 3 days. This process will cure most chronic cough, cold and clear the sinuses.


Yunani and Ayurvedic have been using honey for years in medicine to strengthen the semen of men. If impotent men regularly take two tablespoon of honey before sleeping, their problem will be solved.  In China, Japan and Far-East countries, women who do not conceive and to strengthen the uterus have been taking cinnamon powder for centuries. Women who cannot conceive may take a pinch of cinnamon powder in half teaspoon of honey and apply it on the gums frequently throughout the day, so that it slowly mixes with the saliva and enters the body.  A couple in Merryland, America had no children for 14 years and had left hope of having a child of their own. When told about this process husband and wife started taking honey and cinnamon as stated above, the wife conceived after a few months and had twins at full term.

Upset Stomach

Honey taken with cinnamon powder cures stomach ache and also clears stomach ulcers from the root. GAS : According to the studies done in India & Japan, it is revealed that if honey is taken with cinnamon powder the stomach is relieved of gas.

Heart Diseases

Make a paste of honey and cinnamon powder, apply on bread or chappati instead of jelly and jam and eat it regularly for breakfast.  It reduces the cholesterol in the arteries and saves the patient from heart attack.  Also those who have already had an attack, if they do this process daily, are kept miles away from the next attack.  Regular use of the above process relieves loss of breath and strengthens the heart beat. In America and Canada, various nursing homes have treated patients successfully and have found that due to the increasing age the arteries and veins which lose their flexibility and get clogged are revitalized.

Immune System

Daily use of honey and cinnamon powder strengthens the immune system and protects the body from bacteria and viral attacks.  Scientists have found that honey has various vitamins and iron in large amounts. Constant use of honey strengthens the white blood corpuscles to  fight bacteria and viral diseases.


Cinnamon powder sprinkled on two tablespoons of honey taken before food, relieves acidity and digests the heaviest of meals.


A scientist in Spain has proved that honey contains a natural ingredient which kills the influenza germs and saves the patient from flu.


Tea made with honey and cinnamon powder, when taken regularly arrests the ravages of old age.  Take 4 spoons of honey, 1spoon of cinnamon powder and 3 cups of water and boil to make like tea.  Drink 1/4 cup, 3 to 4 times a day. It keeps the skin fresh and soft and arrests old age.  Life span also increases and even if a person is 100 years old, starts performing the chores of a 20 year old.


Three tablespoons of honey and one teaspoon of cinnamon powder paste. Apply this paste on the pimples before sleeping and wash it next morning with warm water.  If done daily for two weeks, it removes pimples from the root.

Skin Infections

Eczema, ringworm and all types of skin infections are cured by applying honey and cinnamon powder in equal parts on the affected parts.

Weight Loss

Daily in the morning, 1/2 hour before breakfast on an empty stomach and at night before sleeping, drink honey and cinnamon powder boiled in one cup water.  If taken regularly it reduces the weight of even the most obese person.  Also drinking of this mixture regularly does not allow the fat to accumulate in the body even though the person may eat a high calorie diet.


Recent research in Japan and Australia has reveled that advanced cancer of the stomach and bones have been cured successfully.  Patients suffering from these kinds of cancer should daily take one tablespoon of honey with one teaspoon of cinnamon powder for one month 3 times a day.


Recent studies have shown that the sugar content of honey is more helpful than detrimental to the body strength.  Senior citizens who take honey and cinnamon power in equal parts are more alert and flexible. Dr. Milton who has done research says that half tablespoon honey taken in one glass of water and sprinkled with cinnamon powder, taken daily after brushing and in the afternoon at about 3.00 p.m. when the vitality of the body starts decreasing, increases the vitality of the body within a week.

Bad Breath

People of South America, first thing in the morning gargle with one teaspoon of honey and cinnamon powder mixed in hot water.  So their breath stays fresh throughout the day.

Hearing Loss

Daily morning and night honey and cinnamon powder taken in equal parts restores hearing.