Taboos and superstitions for Pregnant Women

Taboo food and drink are food and beverages, which people abstain from consuming because of a religious or cultural prohibition. Many food taboos forbid the meat of a particular animal, including mammals, rodents, reptiles, amphibians, bony fish, mollusks and crustaceans. Some taboos are specific to a particular part or excretion of an animal, while other taboos forgo the consumption of plants, fungi or insects. An ecological or medical background is apparent for many, including some seen as religious or spiritual in origin. On the one hand food taboos can help utilizing a resource more efficiently; on the other it can lead to the protection of a resource.
Taboo food

Pregnancy imposes the need for considerable extra calorie and nutrient requirements. A balanced and adequate diet is very important during pregnancy and lactation to meet the increased needs of the mother, and to prevent “nutritional stress. Various studies show that pregnant women are abstained from nutritious foods as a part of their traditional food habits. There is a need of nutrition education and awareness generation among all stratas of population. More research is required on food misconceptions about food in pregnancy considering cultural backgrounds.

Avoided fruits / vegetables during pregnancy in India

• Papaya
• Mango
• Jack fruit
• Pineapple
• Banana
• Grape
• Guava
• Green leafy vegetables

The food is classified into two categories as Hot and Cold. Hot food items are avoided during pregnancy as it is thought that it will cause abortion. Cold food items are avoided during lactation period as it might affect the quality and quantity of milk production.

Misconception of consumption of food and superstition

• The main constituents of papaya latex are papain and chymopapain. A fully ripe papaya contains very little or a negligible quantity of the latex which will not provoke uterine contractions, so it can be eaten. The unripe or semi ripe papaya contains high concentration of latex that produces marked uterine contractions, may have an adverse effect during pregnancy and should be avoided.
• Consumption of saffron by pregnant woman results in a fairer skin child. The study shows that saffron may reduce blood pressure & mood swings, improve digestion and increase appetite of pregnant woman if it taken in small quantity.
• Any twin fruits or vegetables such as banana, mango, cucumber, any fruit or vegetable, which are attached to each other by default, are not to be eaten by a pregnant woman. Tripuris (People living in Tripura, India) consider that the eating of such twin fruits will cause twin pregnancy.
• A pregnant woman is refrain from hard work, exercise and lifting of heavy objects for the well being of both baby and mother.
• In Cambodia, a woman who dies in childbirth – crosses the river (chhlong tonle) in Khmer is believed to become an evil spirit.
• Pregnant women cannot participate in marriage ceremonies or arrangements, visit sick acquaintances, or sacrifice to gods (Dong Religion)
• Pregnant women should not watch new houses being built. (Dong Religion)
• The real cause of pregnancy is always a baloma, who is inserted into or enters the body of a woman, and without whose existence a woman could not become pregnant; all babies are made or come into existence (ibubulisi) in Tuma. (Trobriand Islands)
• 10 % of all pregnancy and childbirth related deaths are due to eclampsia or convulsion. Eclampsia is caused by and also known as toxemia of pregnancy. The Convulsions or fits are often misinterpreted as spirit possession. Religious medicine practitioners give burns and made pregnant these pregnant women undergo rituals that are demeaning, dehumanizing and life threatening.
• Pregnant women should not take baths. Only if water is broken one should NOT take a bath, as uterus is then vulnerable to infection. Avoid sitting in hot tub above 100 degrees temperature.
• Holding hands above head can hurt baby, as the umbilical cord will wrap around the baby’s neck.
• Drink lot of water for clean baby. Amniotic fluid around baby replenishes every three hours. This has nothing to do with drinking lot of water.
• If woman has Heartburn during pregnancy the baby has a lot of hair. Less room in stomach causes the heartburn as baby is growing and pushing it.
• If the pregnant woman eats fish, her child will be born with scales. (Chinese)
• Pregnant woman should avoid scissors near the marital bed. It will affect the baby in womb and baby will born with missing or incomplete. Anything such as drilling, hammering, chopping, sawing could lead to abortion or fetal deformities.
• Pregnant woman should not see sun or moon eclipse otherwise deformed baby would be born.
• Eating dog meat during pregnancy causes birth defects, miscarriage, may lead a difficult labor, child may bite mother during feeding.
• Eating crab will cause a difficult labor in which the baby is born sideways. The baby will drool with bubbles coming out of its mouth.
• Eating soft-shelled turtle will cause baby born with short neck.
• Eating plum and pear will make child blind.


Ancient India

History of India (timeline of Indian history)

  • Neolithic Age India Mehrgarh civilization (c.7000-3300 BCE)
  • Bronze Age India
  1. Indus valley civilization (c. 3300–1300 BCE)
  • Iron Age India (c. 1200–272 BCE)
  1.    Vedic civilization (c. 2000–500 BCE)

* Black and red ware culture (c. 1300–1000 BCE) (c. 1200–600 BCE)
* Northern Black Polished Ware (c. 700–200 BCE)

  • Indian Iron Age kingdoms (c. 700–300 BCE)
  • Kalinga (400 BCE-1842 CE)
  • Nanda Empire (424-321 BCE)
  • Maurya Empire (321–184 BCE)
  • Sangam Period (c. 300 BCE -300 CE)
  1. Pandya Kingdom (c. 300 BCE–1345 CE)
  2. Chera Kingdom (c. 300 BCE–1102 CE)
  3. Chola Kingdom (c. 300 BCE–1279 CE)
  • Pallava Kingdom (250 BCE–800 CE)
  • Maha-Megha-Vahana Empire (250s BCE–400s CE)
  • Satavahana Empire (230 BCE–220 CE)
  • Indo-Scythian Kingdom (200 BC–400 CE)
  • Kuninda Kingdom (200s BCE–300s CE)
  • Sunga Empire (185–73 BCE)
  • Indo-Greek Kingdom (180 BCE–10 CE)
  • Kanva empire (75–26 BCE)
  • Kushan Empire (30–375 CE)


  • Middle Ages (Middle kingdoms of India)
  1. Gupta Empire
  2. Vakataka Empire
  3. Chola Empire
  4. Pala Empire
  5. Kadamba dynasty

* Banavasi
* Halasi
* Hangal

  1. Badami Chalukyas

* Badami Chalukya architecture
* Aihole
* Badami
* Pattadakal
* Mahakuta

  1. Rashtrakuta Empire

* Ellora
* Kailash Temple

  1. Western Chalukyas

* Western Chalukya architecture
* Mahadeva Temple at Itagi
* Lakkundi
* Chaudayyadanapura
* Annigeri

  1. Solanki
  2. Kalachuri
  3. Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri
  4. Vijayanagara Empire

* Hampi

  • Science and technology in ancient India
  • Indian mathematics
  • Indian astronomy
  • List of Indian inventions
  • Indian martial arts
  • Medicine
  • Linguistics
  • Indian classical music
  • Architecture
  • Indian in Sanskrit epics

Relaxation with beautiful cactus blooms

Experts say that some stress is good for us. It can sharpen senses and mind. However, too much stress is bad for mental and physical health. Relaxation can do wonders to restore balance in our life and reduce some of the health risks associated with stress.

Now imagine your low belly, or center, as a deep, powerful place. Feel your breath coming and going as your mind stays focused there. Inhale, feeling your entire belly, sides and lower back expand. Exhale, sighing again as you drop your chest, and feeling your belly, back and sides contract. Repeat this exercise at each cactus, relaxing more fully each time.

Positive Attitude

Our lives are not determined by what happens to us but by how we react to what happened, not by what life brings to us, but by the attitude we bring to life. A positive attitude causes a chain reaction of positive thoughts, events, and outcomes. It is a catalyst, a spark that creates extraordinary results. Let’s change to make a change!!!

Instagram Allows Embedded Posts

Informative article

Jenn's Trends

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On Thursday July 10th, Instagram delivered the final blow to Vine. Ok, that might be a slight exaggeration but it’s kinda true! When Instagram first launched their video functionality recently, the one thing working against them (and in favor of Vine) was the fact that you couldn’t embed the videos on other sites. But now you can!

I don’t know if you can recognize how excited I am about this, but I am. And here’s why: This takes your social media strategy to a whole new level! Now, you can take your Instagram videos and photos and embed them directly into your website or blog for additional SEO rankings and branding style. If you’ve been using Instagram for your business, you have established a “look” or a “style” that represents you. Now you can take that right over to your website and further…

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Heart’s Intuitive Intelligence

People who have genuine heart feeling will have heart coherence. Each individual should take responsibility of personal coherence. The personal coherence elevates health & well-being, energy level, cognition, decision-making, resilience. It leads to increase social coherence. As a critical mass, it elevates relationships, co-creative initiatives, problem solving, group decision-making, bonding & mutual support. Culture and nations becomes more homogeneously alive. It increase global coherence in sustainable piece.